Leaders in ESL Development

Welcome to the PronouncePro website!

We create awesome products to help you learn and speak English.

PronouncePro offers an American English Pronunciation system and
vocabulary, idioms, phrasal verbs and grammar books.

We also manage www.OnlineEnglishHub.com. The Hub is a free place for you to learn English online.


Visit our store

Verbs used as Adjectives

Verbs as adjectives: verbs ending in “ing” also known as the present participle form can be used to describe nouns.



Past participle forms of verbs may also be used as adjectives or to describe nouns.


Let’s look at some present participle verbs used as adjectives

A present participle verbs ends in “ing.”


The laughing children are having fun.

Laughing = verb used as an adjective

Children = noun


We tried to listen, but it was a boring story.

Boring = verb in use as an adjective

Story = noun


Everyone at the zoo enjoyed seeing the sleeping tigers.

Sleeping = adjective that is a verb

Tigers = noun


Our trip to the Far East was a growing experience.

Growing = verb as an adjective

Experience = noun


Now let’s look at past participle verbs used as adjectives

Past participle verbs usually end in “ed.”

The smoked salmon was delicious.

Smoked = past participle verb as an adjective

Salmon = noun


The washed car looked like a new car.

Washed = past participle verb as an adjective.

Car = noun


The polished shoes were a brilliant black.

Polished = past participle verb as the adjective.

Shoes = noun


The above usages have been verbs used as adjectives to modify or describe nouns that are things. Now let’s learn about verbs as adjectives to describe people.



When modifying people:

  1. The “ing” form is the cause

  2. The “ed” form is the effect


If you watch a boring movie -> the viewers are bored.

Cause = boring movie (thing)

Effect = bored viewers (people)


If you see as entertaining play -> the audience is entertained

Cause = entertaining play (thing)

Effect = entertained audience (people)


When you read an inspiring book -> the readers are inspired.

Cause = inspiring book

Effect = inspired readers.


*end of lesson on Verbs as Adjectives*