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Verbs used as Adjectives

Verbs as adjectives: verbs ending in “ing” also known as the present participle form can be used to describe nouns.

 

*remember*

Past participle forms of verbs may also be used as adjectives or to describe nouns.

 

Let’s look at some present participle verbs used as adjectives

A present participle verbs ends in “ing.”

 

The laughing children are having fun.

Laughing = verb used as an adjective

Children = noun

 

We tried to listen, but it was a boring story.

Boring = verb in use as an adjective

Story = noun

 

Everyone at the zoo enjoyed seeing the sleeping tigers.

Sleeping = adjective that is a verb

Tigers = noun

 

Our trip to the Far East was a growing experience.

Growing = verb as an adjective

Experience = noun

 

Now let’s look at past participle verbs used as adjectives

Past participle verbs usually end in “ed.”

The smoked salmon was delicious.

Smoked = past participle verb as an adjective

Salmon = noun

 

The washed car looked like a new car.

Washed = past participle verb as an adjective.

Car = noun

 

The polished shoes were a brilliant black.

Polished = past participle verb as the adjective.

Shoes = noun

 

The above usages have been verbs used as adjectives to modify or describe nouns that are things. Now let’s learn about verbs as adjectives to describe people.

 

*remember*

When modifying people:

  1. The “ing” form is the cause

  2. The “ed” form is the effect

 

If you watch a boring movie -> the viewers are bored.

Cause = boring movie (thing)

Effect = bored viewers (people)

 

If you see as entertaining play -> the audience is entertained

Cause = entertaining play (thing)

Effect = entertained audience (people)

 

When you read an inspiring book -> the readers are inspired.

Cause = inspiring book

Effect = inspired readers.

 

*end of lesson on Verbs as Adjectives*