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Noun Endings

Root: the main part of a word.

Suffix: One or more letters or syllables added to the end of a root to change its meaning.

 

The following is a list of commonly used suffixes. When you can recognize these common noun endings, it will help you to use noun and find nouns in sentences.

 

When we add “er” it indicates whoever is performing the action.

Examples:

A person who plays golf is a golfer.

Golf + er = golfer

 

A person who reads is a reader.

Read + er = reader

 

When we add “ance” it indicates the fact or state of carrying out an action.

 

Examples:

A person who performs fives a performance

Perform + ance + performance

 

Adding “ness” shows a quality or state of being.

 

Examples:

The state of being eager is eagerness.

Eager + ness = eagerness

 

The state of being full is fullness.

Full +ness = fullness.

 

Adding “ity” shows an action or state of affairs that is abstract.

Abstract: expressing a quality apart from an object. We cannot touch abstract things.


Examples:

Relating to spiritual ideas is spirituality.

Spiritual + ity = spirituality

 

People who are able have ability.

Able + ity = ability

 

If you watch for these endings you will know when the word is a noun, which is helpful while learning English.

 

*End of lesson on noun endings*